Sir Henry Morton Stanley
(January 28, 1841 – May 10, 1904)
Stanley was a famous explorer and journalist, known for his African explorations and his search for David Livingstone. His quest to find Livingstone began in March 1871 when he traveled to Zanzibar and outfitted an exploration with the best materials available and a crew of 200 porters. The 700-mile expedition through the jungle was quite difficult, but he found Livingstone in November 1871, in Ujiji, which is present-day Tanzania. He greeted him with his famous words, “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?” Stanley joined Livingstone in exploring the region and they worked together and established that there was no connection between Lake Tanganyika and the River Nile. The New York Herald, in partnership with Britain’s Daily Telegraph, financed Stanley on another expedition to Africa in 1874. One of his missions was to trace the course of the Congo River to the sea.